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Cooling checks

02 May 2017

Enclosures that protect manufacturing automation systems must have strictly controlled internal environments with temperatures that are carefully maintained within a few degrees. Rittal recommends a series of simple checks to evaluate an existing enclosure climate control.

The first check is to measure the temperature within the enclosure to assess its climate control capability. Temperature sensors should be placed in a position within the airflow of the enclosure, sensors should not be placed on or near direct airflow from high temperature components. Otherwise temperature readings can be found to be inaccurate. The sensors should be left to monitor the temperature trend over a period of time.

If the sensor records air temperatures of well over 35°C (set point) then the output of the cooling unit should either be considered insufficient or, alternatively, that there has been a malfunction of the cold air routing in the enclosure. This means that the cooling air cannot reach (or can only partially reach) the temperature-sensitive components.

Checking the control behaviour of cooling devices

Another easy way of checking an enclosure climate control system is to observe the cooling unit’s control behaviour: Unlike speed-controlled cooling devices such as the new Rittal  “Blue e+” cooling units, conventional enclosure cooling units begin with the two-point regulation of the cooling operation when a temperature inside the enclosure gets above of 35°C and finishes when the shutdown temperature of 30°C is achieved (at a typical hysteresis of 5K). If a cooling device does not reach the shutdown temperature, a conventional cooling unit will therefore continue to operate. If this happens, it’s a good indication that the cooling unit has an insufficient output and suggest that there is likely to be a deficiency in suitable cooling air to the components inside the enclosure.

You can simply touch a device to determine a refrigerator’s operating status: the activity of the refrigeration compressor during cold production is accompanied by a slight vibration of the refrigerator housing that can easily be felt. Alternatively, the exhaust temperature of the cooling unit in the external air circuit may be measured.  During active cooling operation, this will be significantly higher (potentially, anywhere between 10° and 40°C) than the ambient temperature.

Locating hotspots

You can also do a rough check of an enclosure’s climate control system with infrared thermography which measure the surface temperatures of the components inside the enclosure and these are recorded with an infrared camera. If any areas have significantly elevated temperatures (“hot spots”) it is an indication that they are not being supplied with enough cooling air.