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Specially-manufactured split bearings

21 April 2016

NSK has successfully replaced one-piece spherical roller bearings with specially-manufactured split bearings in the converter of a European stainless steel plant.

When fixed bearings in one of the converters were due for replacement as part of a scheduled maintenance routine, NSK was commissioned to undertake this the task.

NSK not only develops specific bearing types for steel mill operations, but where appropriate uses special materials in their manufacture. This ensures that the heavy duty drives of key equipment such as converters, continuous casting machinery and rolling mills, which must operate under very adverse environmental conditions, prove highly resilient.

NSK produced a special split bearing as replacements for the standard spherical roller bearings used previously. Among the special features customised to the specific space constraints of the converter´s configuration, the new bearings offered an outer diameter of 1000 mm to permit simplified installation and disassembly without any requirement to remove the large tilting gear unit, thus saving time and cost for the customer.

NSK planned the replacement procedure with care to ensure minimum converter downtime. The tilting drive unit was lifted sufficiently for the spherical roller bearing to be cut and removed. Once this was complete, significant signs of wear could be seen on the rollers, raceways and cage.

It took NSK technicians just three days to install, test, measure the new bearings and deliver safety training with the support of the steel mill´s management team. Throughout the process, NSK´s strict quality controls were observed, both with respect to precision, as well as cleanliness of the production environment. The immediate working zone and nearby areas were closed off using foil to protect the bearing installation from any contaminants that may emanate from other maintenance procedures taking place concurrently in the smelting shop.

As demonstrated by measurements before and after a converter test run, all parameters were within pre-specified deviation tolerances, including the bearing clearance. With the converter and smelting production duly back in operation as planned, the steel mill staff responsible for the project were extremely pleased with the co-operative effort.

The special NSK split spherical roller bearings are expected to achieve a long operating life thanks to the resilience of the material and the internal design, which is customised for heavy duty operation. However, when the time arrives for these bearings to be replaced in the future, the process will be far simpler than before. Now, the two sections can simply be removed one at a time from the inner ring, outer ring and cage, therefore eliminating the laborious requirement to cut the bearing into small parts. This provides a saving in converter downtime of circa 35%, thus helping to deliver rapid return on investment.